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What is Montessori Method and how to apply it.

Today, in #TheNowFamily we are interested in the educational method everybody is talking about. We have heard a lot but… ¿What is Montessori? Where does it came from? What is about?

To get to know it better we should talk about its founder, the doctor María Montessori, who was born in Italy in 1870. She graduated at University of Rome, being the first women to become a doctor in Italy.

She was an entrepreneur in so many ways. She created the first “Casa dei bambini” in 1907 which was famous for revolutionize the whole educational environment because she didn’t focus on an specific theoretical method, on the contrary, she had the kids as the important point within the education.

montessiori 1907

In order to get so, she developed several materials, allowing the child to discover different education aspects but from his/her own experience (here we can talk about “self-learning”) getting a significant knowledge.

The materials created by Montessori were the result of years of observation whilst she could notice how kids tent to enjoy and repeat those activities they like the most. For that reason she did multisensorial correctors materials and sequentials.

This method gives the opportunity to each child to obtain individualize development which rhythm of learning is set by the kid, leaving behind blackboards and chairs. With this method we work in areas of learning, looking for the kid to obtain a maximum knowledgment in all the possible aspects of life, such social, mathematical, emotional, physical abilities, etc. To carry out Montessori method in a classroom is needed to divide the kids in groups of ages: from 1-3 years old, from 3 to 6, from 6-9, from 9 to 12…

This make easier to each child to get his/her own learning rhythm and it favors that older kids help the youngest ones.

montessori

Groups ranging from the age of birth to 6 years old are so-called “absorbent mind” because during this stage children are able to acquire knowledge without being aware of it and we could even say without apparent effort.

As a curiosity we can name what was called the “Montessori Commandments”, which are intended to advise parents on cognitive development of their children, making them the main protagonists. These commandments are:

  1. Children learn from their surroundings.
  2. If you criticize much a child, he/she will learn to judge.
  3. If you praise the child regularly, he/she will learn to appreciate.
  4. If hostility is showed to the child, he/she will learn to fight.
  5. If you are fair with the child, he/she learn to be fair.
  6. If you frequently ridicules the child, he/she will be a shy person.
  7. If the child grows up feeling safe, then he/she will learn to trust others.
  8. If the child often be denigrated, he/she will develop an unhealthy sense of guilt.
  9. If the child’s ideas are accepted regularly, he/she will learn to feel good about herself.
  10. If you are condescending with the child, he/she will learn to be patient.
  11. If the child is encouraged at what he does, he/she will gain self-confidence.
  12. If the child lives in a friendly atmosphere and feel necessary, he/she learn to find love in the world.
  13. Do not badmouth of your child, when he/she is near, even when is not.
  14. Focus on the good development of the child so that simply left no room for the bad.
  15. Always listen to your child and answer him/her when he approaches you with a question or a comment.
  16. Respect your child even if he/she made a mistake. Will correct now or maybe a little later.
  17. Be willing to help if your child looks for something, but also willing to go unnoticed if he has already found what he wanted.
  18. Help the child to assimilate what previously had been unable to assimilate. Do that by filling the world around him with care, discretion, appropriate silence and love.

When you head to your child, always do it the best way. Give him/her the best in you.

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